Community Seed Banks emerge in various forms worldwide. What do CSB in Western countries and in countries of the South have in common? What are the special roles of CBS in Europe, their strengths and challenges?
Farmers involved in on farm Participatory Plant Breeding (PPB) use various types of populations / varieties to diversify their agricultural strategies and their products. Populations’ type varies according to farmers’ breeding objectives and to the crop’s mating system.
Of a total of 250,000 identified plant species, 7,000 have been used in agriculture throughout human history. However, currently, 60% of total worldwide caloric input comes from just three plants: rice, wheat and maize. DIVERSIFOOD is focusing on the bulk of the 7,000 forgotten plant species that fall into the category of Underutilised Crops.
During the 20th century, landraces of various wheat forms were gradually substituted by standardized pure lines of soft and durum wheat. In that context, Rivet wheat case illustrates the contemporary resurgence of forgotten crops in organic farming.
Civil society organizations engaged in seed and propagating material contribute to the sustainable use of crop genetic diversity. However, they normally operate in the informal sector with many challenges and little interaction with formal seed and food system.
Decentralized on-farm breeding requires appropriate methods due to on farms specific conditions and collaborative approach with farmers. A decision tree has been developed to select the most appropriate experimental designs and methods, according to the objectives and the experimental constraints.
Le Case delle sementi (Cds), sono diffuse in tutto il mondo sotto varie forme. Che cosa accomuna le Cds nei paesi occidentali e quelle nel Sud del mondo? Quale ruolo hanno in Europa, e quali i loro punti di forza e criticità?